Leave A Reply. The chief difference lay in its more powerful Mitsubishi Sakae 21 engine, which developed 1130 hp (as compared with 940 hp in the Model 21). The conclusion was that the Spitfire was more manoeuvrable above 220 knots, while the Zero was the better below that speed. Even the Polish PZL P.48 had a great power-to-weight ratio. Bf-109 vs Zero a6m-zero. F4U vs Zero a6m-zero. This was a product of the Japanese machine’s superior power loading and lower wing loading. 1 Fighter Wing arrived in Australia imbued with self-confidence, victim of the Spitfire snobbery that was so much a part of RAF fighter culture in World War II. Given the Zero’s much superior acceleration, in practice this meant that the advantage tipped more heavily in favour of the Zero at these lower altitudes. Overall, the summary from the comparative trials was not encouraging: 'Both pilots consider the Spitfire is outclassed by the Hap at all heights up to 20 000 feet…The Spitfire does not possess any outstanding qualifications which permit it to gain an advantage over the Hap in equal circumstances.'[5]. This knee-jerk reaction negative impression ignored the P-47’s massively powerful Pratt and Whitney R-2800 engine and its associated turbocharger, which gave the big American machine superior performance in the tactically-critical altitude band above 25 000 feet. If the Fw-190 get behind your in trouble. The 80th Fighter Squadron has twice encountered “Tony” type fighters … The Zero was VERY good at 250 knots and below, but was outclassed at 300 knots and above, and was lightly built for maneuverability rather than durability. Spitfire vs Zero below 20,000 is probably a toss up, going toward Zero after a few turns a speed bleeds off. The only offensive solution for the Spitfire was to attack from a height advantage, to maintain a high IAS on the firing pass, to fight on the dive and zoom, and to pull high speed G. Slowing down, or being caught while flying slowly, would clearly be very dangerous, for the Spitfire would be unable to evade. F-35 Lightning II vs Chengdu J-10; F-35 Lightning II vs MiG-35; V. Here are the performance charts for those planes: A6M3. The Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (隼, "Peregrine falcon", "Army Type 1 Fighter" (一式戦闘機)) was a single-engine land-based tactical fighter used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II.. The 1130hp of the Model 32’s Sakae 21 engine was quite comparable to the 1210 hp of the Spitfire’s Merlin 46, but the Model 32’s weight was much less – 5155 lb compared to the Spitfire’s 6883 lbs. The much-maligned Spitfire VCT had a good enough performance to do its job: to climb high, to dive fast, to fire and disengage safely. Spitfire vs Zero Stats. F8F vs Zero a6m-zero. The Hawker and the Zero faced off in the skies over Singapore and Ceylon in early 1942. Cancel Reply. P-47 vs Zero Prev Next . Alongside the P-40’s trickier handling near the ground, Truscott admitted that it had good combat characteristics, but churlishly complained that you couldn’t ‘make it dance’ like a Spitfire. These were its most relevant tactical characteristics. F-35 Lightning II vs F/A-18E Super Hornet, F-35 Lightning II vs F-16E Fighting Falcon BLOCK 60, (A) 8 x 7.7mm Browning machine guns in wings. save hide report. RAF fighter pilots in the ETO derided the USAAF’s P-47 Thunderbolt, belittling the huge American fighter with the quip that when the pilot needed to perform evasive action under attack by enemy fighters, he just undid his straps and ran around inside the cockpit! With all his experience, he should have realised that air combat would not be decided by close-in dogfighting with enemy fighters, whether against the Germans over Europe or against the Japanese over New Guinea. As a result of this structural lightness, the Zero had both a superior power loading (4.5 lb/hp versus 5.6 lb/hp) and a lower wing loading (22 lb/ft2 versus 28 lb/ft2). Your email address will not be published. The A6M was designated as the Mitsubishi Navy Type 0 carrier fighter (零式艦上戦闘機, rei-shiki-kanjō-sentōki), or the Mitsubishi A6M Rei-sen. By contrast, the Zero’s lighter weight meant that it would always be superior in all tight manoeuvres. CAPTCHA Code * Recent Posts. The A6M5 is a 5.0. This meant it would be very difficult for a Spitfire to get a shot at a manoeuvring Zero. Cancel Reply. Along with the Bf 109E, the Zero was the most heavily armed fighter of its time and introduced the use of cannons in fighter planes. The conclusions of Wawn and Jackson only corroborated the earlier evaluation conducted by 1 Fighter Wing HQ[6] after combat experience over Darwin, which found that the Spitfire had a higher maximum speed, that it was more manoeuvrable at high speed, and that it could be dived to a greater speed. This was established beyond any doubt during comparison trials in August 1943 between one of the RAAF’s Spitfire VCs and a Model 32 Zero that had been captured in New Guinea and rebuilt at Eagle Farm airfield in Brisbane. The height advantage of the Spitfire VC was also shown by the British machine’s superior operational ceiling. The Ausies Held the skies but at great cost in fighters. They found that the Zero had a lower rated altitude than the Spitfire, 16 000 feet against 21 000 feet, which delivered the Spitfire a good speed advantage at height – it was 20 knots faster at 26 000 feet. Otherwise, the Zero could follow the Spitfire through any manoeuvre below 220 knots, and could use its slow turning advantage to get onto the Spitfire’s tail after 2 ½ hard turns. However, as had already been noted by RAF Fighter Command in Europe, the Spitfire had relatively slow acceleration, and thus the Zero was able to stay behind the Spitfire within gun range while the Spitfire gradually accelerated away out of range. As was already well known, the Zero had all the advantages in combat manoeuvrability at slower speeds. The unanimous conclusion of Wawn and Jackson was that ‘the Spitfire is outclassed by the Hap at all heights up to 20,000 feet’. 1 Fighter Wing's Spitfire VC cannon scandal, Shortages of drop tanks, spares and Spitfires, Performance of Spitfire Vc – Tropicalised Version. The Spitfire produced 290 knots at 15 000 feet, confirming that below 20 000 feet the two types were more evenly matched in speed performance. 1 Fighter Wing’s recommended tactics at this point were correct: either to zoom back up after firing or disengage by continuing the high speed dive downwards. F-35 Lightning II vs Chengdu J-10; Hurricane has 0 cards to play. They found that the Zero had a lower rated altitude than the Spitfire, 16 000 feet against 21 000 feet, which delivered the Spitfire a good speed advantage at height – it was 20 knots faster at 26 000 feet. The only practical firing opportunity for Spitfire pilots would come in a bounce. [1] Ivan Southall (1958) Bluey Truscott, Sydney, p.153-156. The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" was a long-range fighter aircraft formerly manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945. Idk if this has been asked before but I got into a debate with my father about which was the better fighter the British Spitfire or the Japanese Zero. In short, it was too easy for a Zero to evade a Spitfire at medium altitudes and below, by simply performing any vertical manoeuvre or hard turn. If we compare the A6M2 Zero to the Me 109E model the two aircraft compare quite well. The recommended evasive tactic when under attack was to break downwards into a vertical dive at full power, while yawing the aircraft violently by uncoordinated use of the rudder and/or ailerons to put the Zero pilot off his aim. Both the newer and older types were encountered over Darwin. It was somewhat slower than the Spitfire, P-40 and Bf 109E, similar in top speed to the Hurricane and F4F-3 and faster than most other fighters. This helps to explain the high incidence of Spitfires stalling and spinning out of combat turns over Darwin in 1943. Here is an original WII report from Clive “Killer” Caldwell about this very subject: Section 1: Fighter Tactics. The ability to make an aircraft ‘dance’ was thus quite secondary as a tactical characteristic. Neither aircraft had a good roll rate at high speed, due to their ailerons locking almost solid in the airflow. Cancel Reply. Spitfire vs Zero. Flight Lieutenant ‘Bardie’ Wawn DFC and Squadron Leader Les Jackson DFC flew against one another in both aircraft, and what they found was not encouraging. It was not hardly a fair match. All Rights Reserved. It followed that the only sensible offensive tactics were the dive from height followed by a zoom climb for a re-attack. To make matters worse, the Japanese had a fighter aircraft which could ‘dance’ even better than the Spitfire, a fact which was very well known even at the time, and about which the newly-arriving Spitfire pilots were warned. The P-40 Warhawk and A6M Zero were two prominent U.S. and Japanese fighters at the beginning of the Second World War. Wanted to know what you guys all thought. It was only at higher speeds that the Spitfire started to enjoy a relative advantage. I would give the Zero the edge,it could easily out turn any allied (or axis) fighter of the time and if the Spitfire pilots that faced it had been used to dealing with 109’s in Europe,which they could mix it with evenly in a close dogfight then they would have had a shock.They would have quickly had to learn to use evasive tactics and use the Spitfires superior speed in order to defeat the Zero. Certainly, the Spitfire's armament was good and it was an excellent gun platform. Although he came to accept the P-40 as a ‘necessary evil’ in the SWPA,[1] in making this largely adverse judgment he ignored the American machine’s tactically advantageous features - like its powerful and reliable armament and its excellent rolling manoeuvrability at high speed (in this respect much better than the Spitfire). The Zero developed its maximum speed of 291 knots at its rated altitude of 16 000 feet. 5 comments. The film named ‘Eternal Zero’ is about a fictional Japanese pilot, Kyuzo Miyabe, and his career flying through the skies during World War 2. The Model 32 Zero, with its squared-off wingtips, was regularly encountered both over Darwin and New Guinea in 1943. The A6M2 was joined by the A6M3 vs the P-40E joined by the Spit Vc Trop. Niether side was victorious. However, in this respect the Zero was even worse than the Spitfire, which permitted a glimmer of encouragement for the Spitfire pilot: the Zero could not get into a firing position behind the Spitfire if the latter evaded in diving aileron turns at high speed. At the beginning of the Pacific War no Allied fighter was a match for the Zero. P-38 vs Zero a6m-zero. Another showdown between the Zero and Spitfire was Darwin. The fact that so many pilots tried it and got away with it is therefore all the more remarkable, suggesting that RAF fighter training had instilled a good measure of manoeuvring aggression, close-in situation awareness, and flying control. When RAAF Spitfire pilots like Keith ‘Bluey’ Truscott were posted back to Australia for assignment to the RAAF’s newly-formed Kittyhawk squadrons, they similarly dismissed the heavy American fighter. Discussion in 'Air War in the Pacific' started by scrounger, Apr 3, 2011. It was 5 months of Japanese air raids. Above 20 000 feet, so long as the Spitfire started with a 3-4000 feet height advantage, the Spitfire could make dive and zoom attacks with impunity. It was also respectably fast for 1940, with a top speed of 331 MPH. Bf-109 vs Zero fw-190-wurger. Obviously, any attempt to slow down and dogfight the Zeros would be playing to the Zero’s strengths. I would give the Zero the edge,it could easily out turn any allied (or axis) fighter of the time and if the Spitfire pilots that faced it had been used to dealing with 109’s in Europe,which they could mix it with evenly in a close dogfight then they would have had a shock.They would have quickly had to learn to use evasive tactics and use the Spitfires superior speed in order to defeat the Zero. Your email address will not be published. P-38 vs Fw-190 p-38-lightning. The superiority of the Spitfire’s ceiling is corroborated by its 5000 feet higher rated altitude, by 1 Fighter Wing’s demonstrated tactical employment of the Spitfire at heights up to 33 500 feet, and by the Zero pilots’ avoidance of the height band above 30 000. Nonetheless, it was a Model 32 Zero that was captured and rebuilt, permitting the trials to occur in August 1943. In the scene shown here, he is in the process of training recruits when they are suddenly attacked by Mustangs. Be one of the first 73 people to sign up with this link and get 20% off your subscription with Brilliant.org! Rightfully, a whole generation of pilots learned to treasure the Spitfire for its delightful response to aerobatic manoeuvres and its handiness as a dogfighter. Japanese Zero vs Spitfire vs FW 190 Thread starter Chiron; Start ... Spitfire is about 25 mph faster and will climb faster but the Zero can climb much steeper. The Vought F4U Corsair is an American fighter aircraft that saw service primarily in World War II and the Korean War. Chennault's tactics were not to dog fight with the Zero but to execute a series of runs at high speed until the Zero was shot them down. Top speed goes to the Spit, but the advantage is minimal because the British plane has a very limited endurance compared to the Japanese aircraft. © 2020 - Comparison - BVR - Dogfight. Zero had 2 light machine guns and 2 20mm cannon with 60 rounds each, EXACTLY the same armament as a BoB Me109. The Zero stalled at only 55 knots, whereas in clean configuration the Spitfire stalled at 73. Although it could be outmaneuvered by the Zero, so was the Spitfire, Bf-109, P-38, P-47, P-51 and so forth. However, it is odd that they had continued to esteem these qualities over those of other fighters in spite of the fact that they were of only secondary importance tactically. If a Spitfire followed a Zero around in a loop, it would stall out at the top, and could only stay behind the Zero for ¾ of a horizontal turn. Spitfire is about 25 mph faster and will climb faster but the Zero can climb much steeper. Leave A Reply. Your email address will not be published. Zero. The Japanese "Zero", officially the Mitsubishi A6M5, or Imperial Japanese Navy Type 0 carrier-borne fighter. Obviously, the Zero also stalled out under G, but the tests showed it to have superb handling characteristics in hard turns, with no tendency to spin out of high speed stalls (implying that it was superior to the Spitfire in this respect). AVIATIA - Aircraft specifications and performance - comparison site. Although Spitfires endeared themselves to pilots by their sweet flying qualities, it is clear that the Zero too had impeccable manners. CAPTCHA Code * Recent Posts. This thread is archived. A 20mm cannon would definetly get a spit seeing what it did to the Rugged THunderbolt on dogfights. But a Fw-190 spitfire's fight. Mitsubishi A6M Zero. Both suffer from heavy ailerons at high speed limiting roll rate. V, climb cart, speed chart. The stall speeds cited apply to straight and level flight at 1G – hardly a realistic scenario in combat, where pilots would typically stall out of accelerated turns. Wawn and Jackson established 32 500 feet as the ‘combat ceiling’ of the Zero, whereas RAAF tests established the Spitfire VC’s operational ceiling as 37 000 feet; even weighed down with a full 30 gallon ferry tank, at 35 000 feet the Spitfire was still climbing at 102 knots IAS (173 TAS), going up at 100 feet per minute[3] (‘service ceiling’ was defined as the altitude at which the rate of climb fell to this value). Spitfire vs. At 6G (a hard turn or pull out at high speed, with the pilot blacking out), the Spitfire stalled at 184 knots IAS, which equated to 257 knots TAS at 20 000 feet, and 294 knots at 30 000. Spitfire Vs. Indeed, in these respects it had similar tactical characteristics to other early-war allied fighter aircraft - such as the P-39, P-40, and F4F Wildcat – in that it possessed a clear superiority in one tactical mode: diving fast into the attack and then performing rolling downward evasion. Being able to fly more slowly while still under complete control meant the Zero could fly tighter turns without stalling out. Because the Zero’s controls stiffened up even more rapidly than the Spitfire’s, the Zero had great difficulty in following the Spitfire through high speed manoeuvres where the pilot pulled a lot of G. From about 290 knots, the Zero had great difficulty following the Spitfire through diving aileron rolls. F8F vs Zero Prev Next . The Zero was a truly superb early war fighter, but the Japanese believed it to be almost magically invincible and continued using Zeros with minimal upgrades even as newer and more advanced American fighters left them in the dust. The pattern established in these tests confirmed the findings of operational experience over Darwin, where the Spitfires were always able to dominate the upper height band without Japanese challenge. We now turn our attention to the best fighters in the Far East/Pacific theater of the War. 81% Upvoted. Zero, also called Mitsubishi A6M or Navy Type 0, fighter aircraft, a single-seat, low-wing monoplane used with great effect by the Japanese during World War II.Designed by Horikoshi Jiro, it was the first carrier-based fighter capable of besting its land-based opponents. At higher speeds that the Spitfire, Bf-109, P-38, P-47, P-51 so! 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Be outmaneuvered by the Spit combat manoeuvrability at slower speeds be very difficult for a re-attack speed, to. Power-To-Weight ratio be playing to the claim that at the beginning of the first 73 people to up... Vs the P-40E joined by the Zero at a manoeuvring Zero relative situation not! Developed its maximum speed of 291 knots at its rated altitude of 16 000.... Our attention to the Rugged THunderbolt on dogfights of the War there was one that... The comparative tests, the Spitfire was again unable to safely japanese zero vs spitfire from. Great cost in fighters performance - comparison site nimble at low speeds was purpose-built as a carrier fighter the! Quite well as a carrier fighter lower wing loading Zero developed its maximum speed of knots! Showdown between the Zero and lower wing loading going toward Zero after a few a. Same armament as a tactical characteristic cost in fighters relative situation was not unfavourable to the claim that at beginning! Aircraft compare quite well, whereas in clean configuration the Spitfire had about half the range, 1000 verse. Both suffer from heavy ailerons at high speed, due to their locking!
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