As to the other numbers, they all differ from the account in Ezra, as from that in Esdras, except the one thousand other vessels; and the addition of the whole amounts to no more than five thousand two hundred and ten; yet, as he has not himself given a total number, he cannot be said to contradict either of the others. Remember Jerusalem, and cry out for God’s Spirit to take you back there. How can a Christian get his or her eyes off of individual problems and onto God’s greater global purpose of His glory. In Ezra 1:11 it is indisputably intended to give the sum-total according to the enumeration of the separate numbers. The error may be supposed to exist in the sum-total, where, instead of 5400, perhaps 2500 should be read, which … He disciplines us for our good, that we may share His holiness” (Heb. 137:4). Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying: Ezra 1:1-3a is identical to 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred — The vessels here specified amount only to the number of 2499. The probability is that some of the numbers here are corrupt, but all attempts now to amend the text are mere conjectures. It won’t be an easy, comfortable road to travel. But it certainly means doing some things differently than the current status quo! Why would God give His people a trembling heart, failing eyes, despair of soul, and no assurance of life? The chief fathers of the families assembled; and the priests and Levites, zealous for the re-establishment of the service of God, readily embraced the permission given them. Nehemiah is about the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem, as well as the spiritual renewal of God’s people. The hearts of kings are in the hand of the Lord. In opposition to these conjectures, we prefer abiding by the Hebrew text; for the numbers of 1 Esdras are evidently the result of an artificial, yet unskilful reconciliation of the discrepancy. And shall Jesus, whom the Father hath anointed to preach the gospel to the poor, and to give liberty to the captives, issue forth his proclamation and none regard it? 11. What I need at such times—what we all need repeatedly—is for God’s Spirit to blow upon us in spiritual renewal. Where do we get the resources to see these promises become a reality? In the preface of his wonderful book, Calvin’s Preaching (Westminster/John Knox Press, p. x), British scholar T. H. L. Parker indicts the modern church that has abandoned Calvin’s method of careful exposition of Scripture. But what man could not do, God did. Many of them had been born in captivity and Babylon was all that they knew. five thousand four hundred, which is more frequent in historians than exact and particular sums; therefore a person must be very little acquainted with history, who supposes that this is a contradiction to the sum total in Esdras, because the odd number sixty-nine is omitted.". Oh! 2: p. 213. Besides, it was both inconvenient and risky to go back to Jerusalem. The numbers provided in 1 Esdras come much closer to agreeing with the number in Ezra 1:9-11, but this does not necessarily mean that 1 Esdras has been better preserved here than Ezra. The Lord had killed; now He was giving life (Deut. You will seek Me and find Me when you search for Me with all your heart. But since God had promised, and since He works through means that He ordains, there are some things that we can do: The prophet Daniel’s meditation on Jeremiah’s prophecy and his prayers for God to forgive and restore His captive people were behind these dramatic changes in history (Daniel 9). Spiritual renewal is for God’s purpose, that His glory would be revealed to the nations. To return to Jerusalem was a major hassle and inconvenience for everyone who responded to the call. All [these] did Sheshbazzar bring up with [them of] the captivity that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem. While God greatly uses godly women, He has ordained for men to take the spiritual lead in the home and in the church. When God wants to use you in some capacity, the first thing He does is to burden your heart with the situation. Ezra 3:8; Ezra 5:16 : cf. A learned anonymous writer, however, is of opinion that there is no need of any alteration. By nature, we’re all so wed to this world and the things of this world that the Lord has to bring us to the place where we find no rest in Babylon. It may be said that the vessels did actually amount to 5400, and that the chief of them only were intended to be specified; and these happen to amount to 2499; but that it was not the design of Ezra to insert the whole; and that the ninth verse should be considered as stating, And of the chief of them, that is, the gold and silver articles, this is the number. הגּולה העלות עם, at the bringing up of the carried away, i.e., when they were brought up from Babylon to Jerusalem. God was the only reason for it. To get what Ezra 1:11 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. EZRA 1:11. It was “the heads of fathers’ households of Judah and Benjamin” that arose to the challenge to return to Jerusalem (1:5). God’s purpose today is the same: He wants to reveal His glory through a renewed people, who by their holy lives and witness reveal His Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, to all peoples. Now if ב beth, which stands for the number two, with a dot over it, stood for two thousand, the letter might very easily be copied without the dot. Cyrus Allows the Exiles to Return. These are the children of the province - That is, of Judea; once a kingdom, and a flourishing nation; now a province, subdued, tributary, and ruined! Behold the goodness and severity of God! And further, if the number in each article in Ezra had been exactly the same with those in Esdras, the sum total, five thousand four hundred, would have appeared more like a mistake; but as they amount to no more than two thousand four hundred and ninety-nine, it is plain that the writer did not mean to enumerate every single vessel, because he afterwards gives a round sum total of even hundreds, viz. All the vessels of gold, and of silver, were five thousand and four hundred,.... Those that are mentioned make no more than 2499, which Aben Ezra thinks were the larger vessels; but this general sum takes in great and small, as in 2 Chronicles 36:18 in the letter of Cyrus, before mentioned, these vessels are more particularly described, and their several numbers given, which together amount to the exact number in the text, 5400; the apocryphal Ezra makes them 5469: all these did Sheshbazzar bring up with them of the captivity, that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem: of whom there is a large and particular account in the following chapter. About 150 years before, Isaiah had predicted this event (Isa. Let that precious promise be fulfilled in which thou hast said, In the day that the great trumpet is blown, they shall come that are ready to perish. Every true spiritual renewal is founded on and sustained by God’s Word. 1:1–3 pp— 2Ch 36:22–23. Ezra 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Ezra in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, or the book of Ezra-Nehemiah in the Hebrew Bible, which treats the book of Ezra and book of Nehemiah as one book. There are many hardships and obstacles along the way. If God had not promised restoration, no amount of human effort could have brought it about. Finally, they had persisted in their idolatry for too long, and God fulfilled His warning by scattering them among the nations (Deut. At the beginning of chapter 7, in 457 B.C. It may mean setting some spiritual goals and asking God for the grace and wisdom to achieve them. For some time after their arrival they were occupied in the necessary work of rearing habitations to themselves amid the ruins of Jerusalem and its neighborhood. Ezra 1:1 “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth … | Expand chapter. 42:1). They exalted Jerusalem, where God’s people worshiped Him in His temple, as their chief joy (Ps. But for it to be genuine, God must work according to His mighty power. 24:22)” (Ezra & Nehemiah, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries [IVP], p. 32). The difference between the two statements has certainly arisen from errors in the numbers, for the correction of which the means are indeed wanting. In 1 Esdras 2:13-14, the number of vessels mentioned amounts to 5,469. xi. Their mouths were filled with laughter and their tongues with joyful shouting. Ezra 1:11, ESV: "all the vessels of gold and of silver were 5,400.All these did Sheshbazzar bring up, when the exiles were brought up from Babylonia to Jerusalem." From his perspective, he was building his empire by employing wise policies that would insure his long reign. But the task seems humanly impossible! Then you will call upon Me and come and pray to Me, and I will listen to you. Everything in the spiritual realm depends on God’s grace as promised in His Word. Ezra 3 – A Foundation for the New Temple A. Besides, the province is contradistinguished from Babylon even in this first verse, The children of the province - that had been carried away unto Babylon. Sign In. But that explanation is arbitrary and conjectural. Ezra 1:7 Or gods; Ezra 1:9 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain. All these did Sheshbazzar bring up with them of the captivity that were brought up … Now it happened in the month … Probably the sum total in the present passage has suffered corruption. He graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary (Th.M., 1976 in Bible exposition) and Califo... More. “All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred.” But only 30 + 1000 אנרטלים, 29 מחלפים, 30 + 410 covered goblets, and 1000 other vessels are enumerated, making together 2499. The books of Ezra and Nehemiah are about God’s renewing His errant people. But behind Cyrus’ incredible decree, God was working to fulfill His Word through His prophet (1:1). Reformation of the People (7-10); return under Ezra (457 B.C. There is simply no human explanation for this. Do thou, precious Lord Jesus! This book continues the story. iii. them of the captivity that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem — All the Jewish exiles did not embrace the privilege which the Persian king granted them. 11.Five thousand and four hundred — This sum does not agree with the preceding numbers, which are 30+1,000+29+30+410+1,000=2,499. All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred. Do you sense the need personally for spiritual renewal? In other words, spiritual renewal is not for us, so that we can lead happy, fulfilled lives to the neglect of the world. Now] or ‘and’. The great proportion, born in Babylon, preferred continuing in their comfortable homes to undertaking a distant, expensive, and hazardous journey to a desolate land. This book continues the story. vol. (2.) By the time the people returned and built the altar in 536, the 70 years were almost expired. (Read Ezra 1:1-4) The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus. There are human schemes and methods for bringing spiritual renewal. Perhaps, like Nehemiah, you will have known in general about the need for a long time. Anything less will be a cheap, superficial substitute. So why go back? The lesson there is: Spiritual renewal requires God’s great power working according to His gracious promises for His glorious purpose. Verses 1-4 The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus. Hence, it is probable that the larger vases only are mentioned, while the inventory of the whole, including great and small, came to the gross sum stated in the text. But we can correct this account from 1 Esdras 2:13, 14. Q. 137:6). Should an Unbeliever Partake of Communion? I am aware of a formatting issue in the NIV '84 edition. The sum of the numbers as they stand in the present Hebrew text is 2,499, instead of 5,400. Then, devote yourself to being a part of making that happen here. ), A. This preliminary work being completed, they addressed themselves to … Hebrews 12 gives us the answer: “For those whom the Lord loves He disciplines, and He scourges every son whom He receives…. But only a bias against God’s supernatural knowledge would lead us to reject Isaiah’s prophecy. Ewald thinks that we must read 1030 instead of 1000 golden אגרטלים ( σπονδεῖα ), and make the total 5499. But the expression in Ezra 1:10, other vessels, sets this conjecture aside: the place is most manifestly corrupted. But, how does it happen? Now, as not one of the articles in the Hebrew account of Ezra exceeds the numbers of those in Esdras, there can be no contradiction therein, because each number may be included in the corresponding number in Esdras. The Jews didn’t have the resources to do it, even if a royal edict permitted them to return to the land. In other words, ask God to renew you! The name "Ezra" means help. The same numbers are found in the lxx. My heart grows dull and my vision for God is gradually blurred. do thou work in the minds of sinners both to will and to do of thy good pleasure. 'It was only the bare, ungenial territory that lay between this and the fertile vales around Hebron, also occupied upon the south, that was contemplated in the proclamation. It’s a comfortable place to live. Read Psalms 126 - 'Kempton Translation' translation and Ezra 1:11 - 'King James Version' translation - All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred. In the Septuagint (LXX) canonical Ezra … The vessels here specified amount only to the number of 2,489. Colours burned in on china are permanent; and the furnace of bondage had, at least, effected this, that it fixed monotheism for ever in the inmost substance of the Jewish people. Analysis The Babylonians dealt with conquered peoples by deporting them to Babylon where they could live in relative freedom and prosperity, perhaps accounting for the meager … He even provided for funds to be raised to support the restoration, and he donated the temple objects that Nebuchadnezzar had taken years before. Finally, be willing to be inconvenienced to see spiritual renewal happen, both personally and corporately. A brief outline is: 1. Ezra 1:9, Ezra 1:11; 1 Esdras 2:13, 14 Golden chargers 30 Golden cups 1000 Silver chargers 1000 Silver cups 1000 Knives 29 Silver censers 29 Golden basons 30 Golden vials 30 Silver basons, second sort 410 Silver vials 2410 Other vessels 1000 Other vessels 1000 Said to be 5400 - only 2499 Total 5469 Difference of the first account from itself: 2901 Difference of the second … The Reformation was a renewal of the Word. 1 Esdras 2:13-15 (RSV) says, “The number of these was: a thousand gold cups, a thousand silver cups, twenty-nine silver censures, thirty gold bowls, two thousand four hundred and ten silver … Let them hear thy voice thou Son of God. The difference between the two statements has certainly arisen from errors in the numbers, for the correction of which the means are indeed wanting. All the vessels - were five thousand and four hundred - This place is without doubt corrupted; here it is said the sum of all the vessels, of every quality and kind, was five thousand four hundred; but the enumeration of the articles, as given in Ezra 1:9, Ezra 1:10, gives the sum of two thousand four hundred and ninety-nine only. Afterwards, when, in consequence of the corruptions which had been found to arise from numeral letters, numbers were expressed, as they now are in the Hebrew copies, by words at length, the ב being thus reduced to signify two, was of course written שׁנים shenaiim; but this word making nonsense with the following, i.e. It shows God to be the sovereign over all. The seventy-year captivity began in 605 B.C. First, ask God to give you a vision of what a renewed, holy, worshiping, evangelizing community of His people would look like. The one ministered to a temporal salvation; the other to an eternal. Some think Babylon is meant by the province; and that the children of the province means those Jews who were born in Babylon. The restoration of regular worship in Jerusalem. Finally. Hence Bertheau is of opinion that the more definite statement 30, of the Hebrew text, is to be regarded as original, instead of the first 1000; that, on the other hand, instead of the 30 golden כּפורים, 1000 originally stood in the text, making the total 5469. But, then, do we just sit around and wait for God to work, or is there something that we can do? There weren’t cities with beautiful empty homes awaiting them. But the first is most likely to be the meaning, for thus we find Judea styled, Ezra 5:8. He had Cyrus put it into the royal edict that the people should contribute to those returning. Sheshbazzar brought them all up with the exiles who went up from Babylon to Jerusalem. 11: ch. 126:2-3). Jerusalem fell in 587 B.C. All these did Sheshbazzar bring up with them of the captivity that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem. Ezra 1:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ezra 1:11, NIV: "In all, there were 5,400 articles of gold and of silver.Sheshbazzar brought all these along with the exiles when they came up from Babylon to Jerusalem." Cold water tastes so good when you are dry to the bone. Ezra 10 Nehemiah 1:1-11 Nehemiah 2. The Temple at Jerusalem had been the place where God’s glory was displayed. The Lord must raise up our hearts, or else our earth-born souls will choose their rest in Babylon. These were already colonized; and there was no intention to dispossess the colonists. Josephus ([Antiquities?] When God's service requires to be set forward, his ministers should be the first to promote it. The decree of Cyrus was in 538, the first year of his reign over Babylon, 67 years after the first deportation, but scarcely 50 years since the destruction of the city. That place had been destroyed because of the sins of His people. It has to begin on an individual level before it can move to a corporate level. Ezra 1:1. which foretold that the Jews should return from their captivity at the end of seventy years, which fell on the first of Cyrus, reckoning from the fourth of Jehoiakim, and the first of Nebuchadnezzar, see ( Jeremiah 25:1 Jeremiah 25:11 Jeremiah 25:12 ) ( 29:10 ) . If we’re content in Babylon, with no longing for worship in God’s temple in Jerusalem, we won’t cry out to Him for anything different. Kennicott, however, thinks that the error lies in the four hundred and ten silver basons. Don't have an account? Ezra 1:9-11. 63:1). Q. There were piles of rubble and some hostile people who had moved into the empty land after the Babylonians had dragged off the surviving Jews 50 years earlier. What would you say to help him? 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